Boeing and Israel

 

 

http://www.boeing.com/news/releases/2003/q1/nr_030211m.htm

Israel Aircraft Industries and Boeing Sign an Agreement to Establish Production Infrastructure to Manufacture Arrow Missile Components in the United State

Ben-Gurion International Airport, Feb. 11, 2003 — Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI) and The Boeing Company signed last week an agreement to establish the production infrastructure to manufacture components of the IAI-developed Arrow missile in the United States. The Arrow missile is part of the full Arrow anti-ballistic missile system, the world’s only operational anti-ballistic missile system.

Mr. Itzhak Nissan, IAI’s Corp VP& General Manager Missile Systems & Space Group, and Mr. James Evatt, Senior Vice President & General Manager of Boeing Missile Defense Systems, signed the agreement at IAI/MLM Division facility at Beer Yaakov, Israel.

Mr. Evatt said “Israel and the United States have been friends and allies for many years. It is our privilege to work with IAI on the Arrow program. This agreement is important because it marks the beginning of our work together and our commitment to the success to the Arrow project, it also opens the way for future missile defense efforts between Boeing and IAI.”

Mr. Moshe Keret, President & CEO of Israel Aircraft Industries, said, “signing this agreement demonstrates IAI’s technological and quality capabilities. The agreement is a significant step between the two companies towards cooperation in many areas.”

The co-production agreement follows a strategic teaming agreement signed in January 2002 between the two companies.

Following successful implementation of this contract, Boeing will be responsible for production of approximately 50 per cent of the Arrow missile components in the United States. IAI, the prime contractor of the Arrow system, will be responsible for integration and final assembly of the Arrow missile in Israel.

With the signing of this agreement, Boeing will establish the capability to produce the various Arrow missile components and coordinate the production of existing Arrow missile components already being manufactured in more than 150 American firms located in over 25 States.

 

Doron Suslik
Deputy Corp. VP Communications Israel Aircraft Industries
972 (3) 935-8509 Fax: 972 (3) 935-8512
hpaz@iai.co.il

 

http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/israel-successfully-tests-arrow-theater-missile-defense-01571/

Israel Successfully Tests Arrow Theater Missile Defense

 

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Israel Defense Forces carries out a successful test of the IAI/Boeing Arrow anti-missile system at a secret location in the center of the country. The Jerusalem Post reports that “an F-15 fighter jet flying over the Mediterranean dropped a Black Sparrow test missile specially designed to simulate an incoming Iranian Shihab 3 missile headed toward the Israeli shore.” The successful interception occurred at a higher altitude than previous efforts, and tested recent improvements made to the Arrow 2 system. Israeli Air Force Patriot missile batteries also participated passively in the test, following the incoming missile with their radars.

Iran is widely believed to be developing nuclear capabilities, and Israeli concerns were heightened recently after Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad urged that Israel be “wiped off the map” (the fact that America was also placed in that category went largely uncovered).

 

Israel deployed the first battery of Arrow missiles on March 14, 2000, and has continued to upgrade the system. The summer of 2005 marked delivery of the first co-produced Boeing/IAI missiles. The Times of India notes that this was the 14th test of the system, which has included joint tests in the USA and advanced tests simulating advanced separating warheads. As evidenced by the Patriot batteries’ participation in this latest test, Israel is working to integrate all of its key assets and connections to US data into one national system, rather than relying on fragmented local control.

Meanwhile, Israeli and US troops are engaged in pre-training for the biennial Juniper Cobra exercise in 2007, and part of that process includes working out interoperability issues between the Patriot PAC-3 system (ad PAC-2 GEM+ that Israel deploys) and Arrow.

In general, the Israeli Arrow is a more advanced weapon than the Patriot and possesses far more range, undertaking high altitude interceptions and covering a wide area (about 90km/ 54 mile range, maximum altitude 30 miles/ 50 km) as a Theater Missile Defense (TMD) system. In contrast, the Patriot PAC-2 is more of a local point defense system with a range of about 40km/ 24 miles, and in general Israel’s Patriot PAC-2 GEM+ missiles will only be launched if the Arrow missile fails. In that respect, the Arrow/Homa system will play a role similar to the longer-range naval SM-3 Standard missile that forms the high end of Japan’s planned ABM shield (with the Green Pine radar and Citron Tree control system playing the role of the AEGIS), or the USA’s THAAD. The SM-3 recently undertook a successful US test of its own against a separating warhead target.

Unlike the USA’s THAAD, PAC-3, or SM-3 which use “hit to kill” technology, Israel’s arrow relies on a directed fragmentation warhead to destroy enemy missiles.

On July 29, 2004 Israel and the USA carried out joint experiment in the USA, in which the Arrow was launched against a real Scud missile. The experiment was a success, as the Arrow destroyed the Scud with a direct hit. In December 2005 the system was successfully deployed in a test against a replicated Shahab-3 missile. This feat was repeated on February 11, 2007.

Despite some international interest in the Arrow, the USA has thus far blocked export initiatives. Although India purchased an Arrow-capable “Green Pine” radar from Elta in 2001 and has expressed interest in deploying its own battery of Arrow interceptor missiles, U.S. concerns regarding compliance with the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR, an international agreement limiting the proliferation of ballistic missile technology) have effectively halted such plans for the time being.

This did not stop India from using the Green Pine technology in its own November 2006 anti-missile test, using a modified Prithvi short-range ballistic missile with an exo-atmospheric kill vehicle and a hit to kill warhead.

UPDATES:

Jan 4/09: Israel’s Arutz Sheva news service reports that the Arrow missile defense system has been deployed near Ashkelon, in part because IAI has worked with American firms and developed an updated radar system named MC4. The new radar can also deal with smaller missiles, such as the Hamas government’s Kassam or Grad rockets being launched from Gaza. Using GPS and camera sensors, the MC4 system tracks the flight path, and within a minute of launch, it can determine both the launch site and projected landing site of the missile.

At the same time, pressure is building to add Northrop Grumman’s SkyGuard laser system to Israel’s defenses, a system whose technology is based on joint US-Israeli research:

“Supporters claim that the Skyguard laser based system is more suited to Israel’s needs than the rocket-based Rafael solution. Firstly, the laser can intercept short range missiles such as the Kassam rocket which hit their targets in less than 10 seconds. The rocket-based Rafael system can only hit medium-range rockets which reach their targets in more than 20 seconds. In addition, each laser round fired costs approximately $3,000. In contrast, defensive rockets for the Iron Dome system are estimated to cost over $100,000. Supporters also claim that the Skyguard system could be deployed in a short amount of time, whereas the completion of the Iron Dome rocket system is not foreseen in the near future.”

Sept 29/08: The USA has deployed an unspecified X-band radar system in Israel, manned by around 120 American personnel. Reports hint that the system may be similar to the radars planned for Poland and the Czech Republic, and deployed to Japan. The Guardian:

“One key feature of the system is that information from early-warning satellites – which greatly increases the radar’s ability to pinpoint launches – would remain in US hands. The satellite ground station would be in Europe and transmit data to Israel.

….The high-powered X-Band system, manufactured by Raytheon Company, would allow Israel’s Arrow II ballistic shield to engage an Iranian Shehab-3 missile about halfway through its 11-minute flight to Israel, six times sooner than Israel’s existing Green Pine radar can. The X-Band can track an object the size of a baseball from 2,900 miles away.”

Feb 14/08: IAI announces that The Israel Ministry of Defense (IMOD) / Missile Defense Organization (IMDO) has awarded a follow-on production contract to Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI)’s MLM Division for an undisclosed number of additional Arrow 2 Anti-Tactical Ballistic Missile (ATBM) system interceptors. The interceptors will be assembled in Israel at IAI’s MLM Division, the Arrow prime contractor, with major portions coming from Boeing IDS, the U.S. prime contractor in Huntsville, AL., ATK in Luka, MS., and various other subcontractors across the U.S.

Aug 23/07: The Jerusalem Post publishes “IDF modifying Arrow deployment in the North.” Key quote:

“Following this past summer’s war and the recognition that the next war will involve Syrian and Iranian missile barrages, the Air Defense Forces decided to adopt a “wide deployment” for its Arrow missile batteries.”

Aug 6/07: Jane’s Defence Weekly: “Israel is leaning towards upgrading its own anti-ballistic missile Arrow Weapon System (AWS) rather than acquiring the US Theatre High Altitude Area Defence (THAAD) system. While no formal decision has yet been taken, Jane’s has learned that officials from the Israel Ballistic Missile Defence Organisation (BMDO) have informed the US Missile Defense Agency (MDA) about potential complications with integrating THAAD into the country’s missile-defence alignment.”

Additional Readings & Sources

 

http://www.spacewar.com/reports/Israeli_Arrow_Hits_Missile_At_Night_999.html

Israeli Arrow Hits Missile At Night


The German Deutsche Presse Agentur news service cited Israeli military sources as saying that the Arrow system had been upgraded and was now capable of destroying ballistic missile targets at greater ranges and heights than was possible before.

by Martin Sieff
UPI Senior News Analyst
Washington (UPI) Feb 13, 2007
Israel carried out another successful test of its Arrow anti-ballistic missile, or ABM, interceptor Sunday. The Arrow is widely regarded as the best high altitude ABM interceptor in the world. The latest test marked the second successful interception and destruction by the Arrow of a target missile configured to perform like an Iranian Shihab-3 intermediate range ballistic missile.  

http://www.spacewar.com/reports/Boeing_Israel_Aircraft_Industries_Capture_Short_Range_BMD_Contract.html

Boeing Israel Aircraft Industries Capture Short Range BMD Contract


file photo

by Staff Writers
St Louis MO (SPX) Feb 16, 2006
Boeing and Israel Aircraft Industries have agreed to pursue the new Israeli Short Range Ballistic Missile Defense Program. Through this agreement, the two companies will partner to potentially provide the Israel Missile Defense Organization (IMDO) with a robust, all-weather defense capability against short-range ballistic missiles and long-range artillery rockets.  

 “This is an opportunity to build on the exceptional partnership that Boeing and IAI have established through the co-production of the successful Arrow II interceptor,” said Debra Rub-Zenko, vice president for Boeing Integrated Missile Defense. “It is our privilege to join forces once again with IAI to provide leading edge technology to rapidly and effectively address threats as they evolve.”

Boeing and IAI currently partner on co-production of the Arrow II interceptor, an element of the anti-ballistic missile defense system that was jointly developed by the United States and Israel and is deployed and operational in Israel today.

Yair Ramati, IAI/MLM’s general manager, said, “I am convinced that the combination of technical ingenuity, drive for low life-cycle cost and proven working relationship between IAI and Boeing will provide the best all-around value for the defense of Israel’s population against these threats.”

IMDO will select an Israeli-U.S. industry team in March 2006 to complete the risk reduction phase of the SRBMD program. Full-scale development and production phases of the program will follow as a cooperative initiative between the IMDO and the U.S. Missile Defense Agency.

“The trial was carried out at an air force base in central Israel, and it was the first time that such an interception was tested at night.” Globes Online reported Monday.

“The trial was carried out under the auspices of the Arrow Systems Improvement Program agreement between Israel and the United States. It was the fifteenth trial of the Arrow interception system, and the tenth trial of its weapons system,” Globes said. “The trial was designed to assess the improvements that have been made to the system, which include the expansion of the range of hostile targets that the system can intercept.”

The test also reflected the high level of tension between Israel and the United States versus Iran. The United States has sent Israel Patriot anti-ballistic missile batteries that are effective at lower altitude than the Arrow.

Globes noted that the Arrow was jointly developed by Israel and the United States and was jointly managed by the Israeli Ministry of Defense Homa Project Management Authority and the U.S. Missile Defense Agency. The lead contractor on the project is Israel Aerospace Industries subsidiary MLM.

“The systems consists of the Green Pine radar system developed by Elta Systems group, the Citron Tree fire control system, developed by Tadiran Electronic Systems, the Hazelnut Tree Launch Control Center and operational launcher developed by (Israel Aerospace Industries) and MLM, and interceptors, jointly developed by (Israel Aerospace Industries), MLM and Boeing Corp.,” Globes said

The report described Sunday’s test as “an important step in the development of operational capabilities.”

The German Deutsche Presse Agentur news service cited Israeli military sources as saying that the Arrow system had been upgraded and was now capable of destroying ballistic missile targets at greater ranges and heights than was possible before.

 

Source: United Press International

 

 

 

http://electronicintifada.net/v2/article10303.shtml

If Israel’s weapons came through a tunnel
Kathy Kelly writing from Chicago, the United States, Live from Palestine, 12 February 2009

Palestinian pupils attend a class set up outside their destroyed school in Rafah, southern Gaza strip, January 2009. (Wissam Nassar/MaanImages)


Since I returned from Gaza people have asked me, how do the people of Gaza manage? How do they keep going after being traumatized by bombing and punished by a comprehensive state of siege? I wonder myself. I know that whether the loss of life is on the Gaza or the Israeli side of the border, bereaved survivors feel the same pain and misery. On both sides of the border, I think children pull people through horrendous and horrifying nightmares. Adults squelch their panic, cry in private and strive to regain semblances of normal life, wanting to carry their children through a precarious ordeal.

And the children want to help their parents. In Rafah, the morning of 18 January, when it appeared there would be at least a lull in the bombing, I watched children heap pieces of wood on plastic tarps and then haul their piles toward their homes. The little ones seemed proud to be helping their parents recover from the bombing. I’d seen just this happy resilience among Iraqi children, after the 2003 “Shock and Awe” bombing, as they found bricks for their parents to use for a makeshift shelter in a bombed military base.

Children who survive bombing are eager to rebuild. They don’t know how jeopardized their lives are, how ready adults are to bomb them again.

In Rafah, that morning, an older man stood next to me, watching the children at work. “You see,” he said, looking upward as an Israeli military surveillance drone flew past, “if I pick up a piece of wood, if they see me carrying just a piece of wood, they might mistake it for a weapon, and I will be a target. So these children collect the wood.”

While the high-tech drone collected information, “intelligence” that helps determine targets for more bombing, toddlers collected wood. Their parents, whose homes were partially destroyed, needed the wood for warmth at night and for cooking. Because of the Israeli blockade against Gaza, there wasn’t any gas.

With the border crossing at Rafah now sealed again, people who want to obtain food, fuel, water, construction supplies and goods needed for everyday life will have to increasingly rely on the damaged tunnel industry to import these items from the Egyptian side of the border. Israel’s government says that Hamas could use the tunnels to import weapons, and weapons could kill innocent civilians, so the Israeli military has no choice but to bomb the neighborhood built up along the border, as they have been doing.

Suppose that the US weapon makers had to use a tunnel to deliver weapons to Israel. The US would have to build a mighty big tunnel to accommodate the weapons that Boeing, Raytheon, Lockheed Martin and Caterpillar have supplied to Israel. The size of such a tunnel would be an eighth wonder of the world, a Grand Canyon of a tunnel, an engineering feat of the ages.

Think of what would have to come through.

Imagine Boeing’s shipments to Israel traveling through an enormous underground tunnel, large enough to accommodate the wingspans of planes, sturdy enough to allow passage of trucks laden with missiles. According to the UK’s Indymedia Corporate Watch, 2009, Boeing has sent Israel 18 AH-64D Apache Longbow fighter helicopters, 63 Boeing F-15 Eagle fighter planes, 102 Boeing F-16 fighter planes, 42 Boeing AH-64 Apache fighter helicopters, F-16 Peace Marble II and III Aircraft, four Boeing 777s, and Arrow II interceptors, plus Israel Aircraft Industries-developed Arrow missiles, and Boeing AGM-114 D Longbow Hellfire missiles.

In September of last year, the US government approved the sale of 1,000 Boeing GBU-9 small diameter bombs to Israel, in a deal valued at up to $77 million.

Now that Israel has dropped so many of those bombs on Gaza, Boeing shareholders can count on more sales, more profits, if Israel buys new bombs from them. Perhaps there are more massacres in store. It would be important to maintain the tunnel carefully.

Raytheon, one of the largest US arms manufacturers, with annual revenues of around $20 billion, is one of Israel’s main suppliers of weapons. In September last year, the US Defense Security Cooperation Agency approved the sale of Raytheon kits to upgrade Israel’s Patriot missile system at a cost of $164 million. Raytheon would also use the tunnel to bring in Bunker Buster bombs as well as Tomahawk and Patriot missiles.

Lockheed Martin is the world’s largest defense contractor by revenue, with reported sales in 2008 of $42.7 billion. Lockheed Martin’s products include the Hellfire precision-guided missile system, which has reportedly been used in the recent Gaza attacks. Israel also possesses 350 F-16 jets, some purchased from Lockheed Martin. Think of them coming through the largest tunnel in the world.

Maybe Caterpillar Inc. could help build such a tunnel. Caterpillar Inc., the world’s largest manufacturer of construction (and destruction) equipment, with more than $30 billion in assets, holds Israel’s sole contract for the production of the D9 military bulldozer, specifically designed for use in invasions of built-up areas. The US government buys Caterpillar bulldozers and sends them to the Israeli army as part of its annual foreign military assistance package. Such sales are governed by the US Arms Export Control Act, which limits the use of US military aid to “internal security” and “legitimate self defense” and prohibits its use against civilians.

Israel topples family houses with these bulldozers to make room for settlements. All too often, they topple them on the families inside. American peace activist Rachel Corrie was crushed to death standing between one of these bulldozers and a Palestinian doctor’s house in 2003.

In truth, there’s no actual tunnel bringing US-manufactured weapons to Israel. But the transfers of weapons and the US complicity in Israel’s war crimes are completely invisible to many American people.

The US is the primary source of Israel’s arsenal. For more than 30 years, Israel has been the largest recipient of US foreign assistance and since 1985 Israel has received about 3 billion dollars each year in military and economic aid from the US (“US and Israel Up in Arms,” Frida Berrigan, Foreign Policy in Focus, 17 January 2009)

So many Americans can’t even see this flood of weapons, and what it means, for us, for Gaza’s and Israel’s children, for the world’s children.

And so, people in Gaza have a right to ask us, how do you manage? How do you keep going? How can you sit back and watch while your taxes pay to massacre us? If it would be wrong to send rifles and bullets and primitive rockets into Gaza, weapons that could kill innocent Israelis, then isn’t it also wrong to send Israelis the massive arsenal that has been used against us, killing more than 400 of our children in the past six weeks, maiming and wounding thousands more?

But, standing over the tunnels in Rafah that morning under a sunny Gaza sky, hearing the constant droning buzz of mechanical spies waiting to call in an aerial bombardment, no one asked me, an American, those hard questions. The man standing next to me pointed to a small shed where he and others had built a fire in an ash can. They wanted me to come inside, warm up, and receive a cup of tea.

Kathy Kelly (kathy A T vcnv D O T org) co-coordinates Voices for Creative Nonviolence (www.vcnv.org).


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