areva, exelon, niger, three miles island

areva has had a presence in niger for over 40 years. areva operates a uranium mine there. areva subsidiaries are active in niger: cominak and somair. areva niger covers exploration and new mining projects.

uranium mining activities take place in niger in the desert closest to agadez (250 KM) and naimey (1200 KM) in a region populated by the taureg nomads. mining is the only industry in the region and uses a massive amount of the very scarce water in the region.

that was all summarized from: http://198.170.85.29/Areva-in-Niger-response-Aug-2007.pdf

information on areva’s uranium mining impacts on folks in niger:
http://www.criirad.org/
i used google translate to understand the french…

from: http://www.criirad.org/actualites/dossiers2005/niger/notecriiradarlit.doc

committee for research and independent information on radioactivity (CRIIRAD)

a study of the effects of mining by areva-cogema subsidiaries in niger by CRIIRAD shows that mining has greatly increased the amount of radioactivity in the region, found in soil, air, water, and plants.

uranium exports by areva represents 1/3 of nigers exports in 1997. in 2000, niger produced 10% of the worlds uranium.

in 2002, criirad went to the NGO Aghir IN’MAN, almost all of the members of which work for SOMAIR, areva subsidiary, to discuss the human impact due to the uranium mines. the population of the region is experiencing deterioration in health.

during CRIIRADs investigation of the region, their equiptment was confiscated, they noted a lack of independent checks by the operator, and squalid conditions of folks living there.

they also reported drinking water contaminated by the mining process, non compliance with environmental standards for mining. CRIIRAD reports that the major bodies of water downstream from the mining facility were so much polluted by uranium and radium, because of the mining industry, that they could be classified as RADIOACTIVE WASTE.

the water used for the mining processed is pumped from the fossil groundwater, and runs off into streams and rivers of contaminated water, which then poses the threat of leeching back into the ground to contaminate groundwater.

AREVA studies have shown no contamination, and they reassure their workers and the folks living in the area that they care and work to preserve the environment. (okay whatever)

CRIIRAD tests in dec 2003 of waters showed levels of contamination 10 to 110 times higher than what the world health organization (and french authorities) recommends for human consumption. checks in nov 2004 confirmed similar amounts of contamination, proving that raditation in the water is not an isolated event.

company documents reflect knowledge by SOMAIR of the contamination in drinking water. AREVA reports, however, do not reflect this knowledge: to the contrary, they state that there is NO contamination of water in Niger due to their uranium mining industry.

the report goes on to condemn areva and its subsidiaries for improper storage and in fact dispersion of contaminated scrap from mining facilities, an accident in transmission of uranate in feb 2004, and further environmental risks in the region due to inhalation of radioactive dust and radon.

from: http://www.reuters.com/article/companyNewsAndPR/idUSL2887897320070828

Niger sells first 300 tonnes uranium to U.S. Exelon
Tue Aug 28, 2007 12:15pm EDT
By Abdoulaye Massalatchi

NIAMEY, Aug 28 (Reuters) – Niger has sold 300 tonnes of uranium to U.S. nuclear power group Exelon Corp (EXC.N) for at least 20 billion CFA francs ($41.71 million) in its first direct sale to the market, Mines Minister Mohamed Abdoulahi said.

The sale, announced on state television late on Monday, is the first to bypass French state-controlled nuclear group Areva (CEPFi.PA), which agreed a few weeks ago to give Niger 300 tonnes of uranium in 2007 to sell on the open market.

Areva operates both Niger’s existing uranium mines, located in the Saharan north, and the company has to date exported the entire production, paying the government a fixed royalty per tonne.

Areva’s 36-year-old monopoly has been under pressure from the Niger government, which has accused Areva of backing Tuareg-led rebels and banned the company’s top in-country official from its territory as it continues to hand out prospecting licences to mining companies from other countries.

Niger produced around 3,500 tonnes of uranium concentrate — known as yellow cake in the trade, and containing around 75 percent uranium metal — in 2006, but the mines ministry expects output to double in the next four years as two new mines open.

Niger’s uranium output is around 7.5 percent of world production and it is the third biggest supplier to the EU after Russia and Canada.

Abdoulahi said the first 100 tonnes would be transferred to Exelon by the end of the year, and the rest in early 2008.

“Today we have just started … but Exelon and we share a desire that this will continue in future years,” Abdoulahi said.

Rebels led by light-skinned Tuareg nomads in Niger’s Saharan uranium mining area launched an insurgency in February demanding more investment in the area’s development and a greater share in its mineral revenues — the main source of income for the central government based in the southern capital Niamey.

The government has accused Areva of paying army deserters who joined the rebellion, a charge the company denies.

In the midst of the dispute the company renegotiated its contract with the government late in July, agreeing to raise the royalty it pays Niger to 40,000 CFA francs a kg from 27,300 CFA, effective from the start of 2007.

Niger’s government said the company had also agreed to pay it a 15 billion CFA franc advance on dividend payments, in addition to giving it the 300 tonnes of uranium to sell on the open market for its own benefit.

from: http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/L02887970.htm

Niger says Areva paid army deserters turned rebels
02 Aug 2007 12:34:55 GMT
Source: Reuters
Alert Me | Print | Email this article | RSS

BACKGROUND
Niger-Mali Tuareg unrest
Niger hunger
More
By Abdoulaye Massalatchi
NIAMEY, Aug 2 (Reuters) – Niger’s President Mamadou Tandja said France’s Areva made payments to army deserters who joined a northern Tuareg-led rebellion, deepening accusations the uranium miner helped finance the uprising.
The president, speaking on national television late on Wednesday, also said it would renegotiate Areva’s pricing contract, which expires this year, so that the poor landlocked West African state could profit more.
Niger’s government expelled Areva’s local representative last month over allegations it funded the Niger Movement for Justice (MNJ), which has killed at least 40 soldiers since it launched its revolt in February.
That followed the expulsion several weeks earlier of a former French army colonel acting as Areva’s security adviser, who the government accused of abetting a 1990s Tuareg uprising for autonomy in the desert north and linked with the new revolt.
Areva denies financing the rebellion and says the accusations are completely unfounded. The French government has called for a quick solution to the crisis.
Tandja told state television late on Wednesday: “We know these men who want to plunder this region, drug traffickers and arms smugglers … Suddenly they start a so-called rebellion with sophisticated arms and huge resources.”
“In light of our investigations, there were bank transfers from Areva to soldiers who deserted, and then a retired French colonel who we have expelled was already an accomplice of the ex-rebellion,” he said.
The president expressed hope that after mediation by Libyan President Muammar Gaddafi, who met rebel leaders this week and told them to lay down arms, the uprising would end soon.
“In 2008, we are going to negotiate firmly. Uranium is our product and it will be sold to our benefit, so nothing is going to be the same as before,” the president said.
At the start of this year, Niger informed Areva it wished to directly lift 1,500 tonnes of uranium to sell on world markets at international prices. Niger currently receives a share of profits from two mines operated by Areva in the desert area around Agadez, according to notional prices which are below actual market levels buoyed by strong demand.
Niger is the world’s fifth or sixth largest producer with an annual output of around 3,500 tonnes last year, which it hopes to more than double once two new mines come on line in the north east. In recent months it has granted some 60 new licences to Chinese, Canadian, British, Indian and other foreign firms.

from: http://www.forbes.com/feeds/afx/2008/01/31/afx4598605.html

Areva is ‘nobody’s enemy’ in Niger after Tuareg rebel threats
01.31.08, 10:57 AM ET
PARIS Thomson Financial – Areva, the world’s largest nuclear power company, said it was ‘nobody’s enemy’ in Niger following Tuareg rebel threats to attack uranium mines in a battle against the industry.

Areva (other-otc: ARVCF.PK – news – people ) said it ‘valued the stability of the country (and) … was vigilant, bearing in mind that we have some one thousand workers.

‘We are working with the authorities to ensure their safety,’ a spokesman said.

The French government expressed its desire for Areva to carry out its uranium extraction in Niger ‘in the interest of all Niger’s people’ after a Tuareg chief threatened to attack the French company’s mines and convoys.

France-Niger relations ‘are mainly characterised by Areva’s presence which contributes significantly to development of the country and whose activities we would like to see continued in the interest of all Niger’s people,’ said Foreign Affairs spokeswoman Pascale Andreani.

The Tuareg Movement of Nigeriens for Justice (MNJ) told the French news weekly Le Nouvel Observateur in an article published Thursday that the movement would step up its attacks.

‘We are going to attack the uranium mines, including those of Areva, to stop factories functioning, prevent the exploitation of new quarries, and seize the cargo that is en route to the sea,’ MNJ leader Rhissa Ag Boula said.

‘You can’t exploit uranium without us,’ he added.

Niger, on the edge of the Sahara, is the world’s third largest producer of uranium whose price has soared recently, while Areva is the company’s top private employer and has operated two mines there for the past 40 years.

The stakes are particularly high for former colonial power France: three-quarters of the nuclear-powered electricity produced by its state-run company EDF uses uranium imported from Niger.

In April last year, MNJ rebels attacked Areva’s biggest uranium project in Niger, demanding better application of the economic aspects of 1995 peace agreements that ended a first Tuareg rebellion.

The MNJ says peace will not return to the north of Niger without better integration of Tuaregs into the army, paramilitary corps and the local mining sector. Since February 2007 it has carried out attacks on military targets in the area.

The MNJ leader Rhissa Ag Boula said this new phase of the Tuareg rebellion would soon see the rebels occupy a dozen urban centres in the uranium-rich north, such as Agadez, Arlit, Iferouane, and In Gall.

President Mamadou Tandja, who refuses to negotiate with the MNJ, in November extended by three months a state of emergency that has reinforced the army’s powers in the conflict zone.

The Tuaregs are a grouping of nomadic tribes who have roamed the Sahara for centuries before the countries of the region gained independence from colonial powers.

greg.keller@thomson.com

from: http://www.mineweb.com/mineweb/view/mineweb/en/page38?oid=55176&sn=Detail

GOVERNMENT CAN’T GUARANTEE SAFETY
Niger Tuareg rebels kidnap 4 Areva uranium workers
The Niger Justice Movement has kidnapped four Areva uranium miners as a warning to foreign mining companies doing business in the country.
Author: Abdoulaye Massalatchi
Posted: Sunday , 22 Jun 2008
NIAMEY (REUTERS) –
Tuareg-led rebels in Niger seized four French employees of a French-run uranium mine on Sunday in an abduction they said showed the country’s government could not guarantee the safety of foreign mining operations.
Niger’s government said the four, who worked for the French nuclear group Areva at its Cominak mine at Arlit in the north of the West African country, were kidnapped by “armed bandits”, the term it usually uses to refer to the rebels.
The rebel Niger Justice Movement (MNJ) said it carried out the kidnapping as a warning to foreign mining companies. It said it was responding to a public pledge made by Niger’s government earlier this month that it would provide military protection to growing foreign investments in uranium mining and oil.
“The sole aim of this commando operation is to bring the mining partners in our country back to reality,” the MNJ said in a posting on its Website http://www.m-n-j.blogspot.com.
“These (abducted) persons are not in any danger from the MNJ, which will release them from today to the Red Cross if it wishes,” said the rebel movement, whose desert fighters launched a rebellion last year in Niger’s uranium-producing north.
In Paris, a spokesman for Areva’s mining division said: “We know that they have been kidnapped by the MNJ.”
Asked whether Areva had received any demand from the rebel group, spokesman Yves Dufour said: “Not at all. The only information we have regarding the MNJ is what is on their blog.”
“What we know is that our members of staff are in good health and the only hope we have is that what is being said in the blog about their being freed very soon will become a reality,” Dufour added.
The MNJ says it is fighting for greater autonomy for the northern Agadez region and for a bigger share of the region’s wealth for local people. In 2007, the group briefly kidnapped an executive of a Chinese uranium company.
EXPANDING URANIUM INDUSTRY
The MNJ said the French were seized in a raid on the Cominak facility. This mine and the Somair mine also operated by Areva are currently Niger’s only active uranium mines, producing around 3,500 tonnes a year of the radioactive mineral that is used to make nuclear fuel.
But the government and a local Areva spokesman said the French were abducted while walking in the town of Arlit.
“We lost sight of them at around 1400 hours in the town, they didn’t come back for lunch as usual,” Areva spokesman Moussa Soeley told Reuters in Niger.
“Everything is being done to make sure the people concerned are freed quickly,” Niger’s interior ministry said in a statement confirming the kidnapping.
Niger hopes to become the world’s No. 2 uranium producer by 2011 by increasing overall output to 9,000-10,000 tonnes a year through development of the Imouraren deposit with Areva, and of the Teguida mine in cooperation with the China Nuclear International Uranium Corp. (Sino-U).
The uranium sector in Niger was long dominated by former colonial power France but is now being opened up to companies from China, Canada, United States and Japan.
At least 200 rebels and 70 government troops have been killed in a year of inconclusive on-off fighting between the MNJ rebels and the army.
Earlier this month, Niger’s government ruled out peace negotiations with the Tuareg-led insurgents unless they first laid down their arms, saying they were bandits with no legitimate demands. (Additional reporting by Marie Maitre in Paris; Writing by Pascal Fletcher and Ingrid Melander; Editing by Giles Elgood)

from: http://www.ethicalcorp.com/content.asp?ContentID=6085

Risky resource projects: Areva feels heat in Niger
The French nuclear company’s huge mines in Niger have recently been caught between a local insurgency and an increasingly assertive host government – a familiar pattern for other resource projects across the world, argue Rob Foulkes and Daniel Litvin

Until recently, Areva – a French state-controlled uranium and nuclear energy firm – had an enviably comfortable position in Niger, one of the world’s poorest countries. For almost four decades it enjoyed an effective monopoly on uranium mining in the large, land-locked West African former colony, happily digging up supplies to fuel around a quarter of France’s electricity.

But life is now getting harder for the company. The Nigerien government has set new, less generous commercial terms for Areva’s two existing mines in the country, and is welcoming foreign competitors from China, Canada, India and elsewhere. Meanwhile, a sporadic armed local rebellion has the mining sector firmly in its sights. At the start of this year, Areva announced an agreement to invest a further $1.5bn in a new mine, at Imouraren, expected to be the country’s biggest, to begin production in 2010-11. What do these pressures mean for this huge new investment?

Before delving into the details of Areva’s case, it is worth noting some basic parallels with other mining and oil projects. For while kidnappings, colonial ties and diplomatic intrigue give Areva’s troubles a distinctive local flavour, its situation also illustrates a challenge facing resource companies around the world: how to respond to a simultaneous escalation of pressures from host governments and local communities.

On the host government side, resource-rich countries from Indonesia to Venezuela are increasingly imposing tougher terms on foreign mining and oil companies, levying higher taxes on their operations, for example, and sometimes even nationalising their assets. With prices for many commodities at high levels, and foreign firms struggling to find new sources to boost their reserves, host governments know that firms these days will cough up more in order to gain or maintain access.

On the community side, there is nothing new about demands from local people for more benefits, and fewer negative impacts, from mining and oil projects. But the political clout and organisational and networking capacity of local activist groups is increasing in many countries, aided by the internet and other communication technologies, and also by an increasingly engaged and sympathetic international audience. Aggrieved minorities within these countries, meanwhile, are increasingly targeting foreign mining and oil investments, treating these as symbols of their perceived oppression by the government concerned (even if only on the basis that they generate significant revenues for state coffers).

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Caught between these dual pressures, many firms in recent years have suffered costly consequences, whether to their reputation, assets, or both. In Nigeria, for example, Shell has been forced by militant activity and community opposition to shut down a significant proportion of its oil production. The Nigerian government recently sought to impose extra taxes on the company following a review of past contracts. In Peru, foreign miners have been accused (fairly or not) of delivering insufficient benefits to the country and faced regular protests from indigenous groups. The government has responded to popular pressure by nudging up taxes on mining firms.

Desert storm

Back in Niger, Areva has recently started to feel a similar set of pressures. The Mouvement des Nigériens pour la Justice (MNJ), a rebel group of Tuareg nomads, last year renewed an armed insurgency that shook Niger in the early 1990s. The rebels includes in their demands a fairer distribution of mining revenues – 30% of uranium earnings to stay in the region – and more jobs for Tuaregs in the sector. So far the direct impact of the insurgency on Areva has been limited to an attack on the Imouraren site and the kidnap in June 2008 of four French workers who were quickly released. At the time of writing, conflicting reports were circulating of a peace mediation effort on the part of Muammar Gaddafi, the Libyan leader. Whether or not the Tuareg now lay down their arms, they show no sign of softening their demands to share more in the benefits of mining.

Meanwhile, the Niger government has ended Areva’s status as the country’s sole foreign uranium player, awarding over 100 prospecting permits, mostly to non-French firms, in the past three years. In two new agreements in 2007 and 2008, it also steeply drove up the price Areva pays the state for the uranium it mines. Shortly before the first of these hikes, the company’s local head was expelled from the country accused of helping fund the Tuareg rebellion, an allegation Areva strongly denies. The incident, resolved only after the French co-operation minister Jean-Marie Bockel intervened, may have increased pressure on the company in the run-up to price negotiations. “Areva’s monopoly in our country is broken,” announced the Nigerien foreign minister shortly after.

There seems little danger that these complex pressures will force Areva out of Niger in the foreseeable future: its agreement with the government to invest heavily in the Imouraren mine suggests a significant ongoing role. At the same time, neither set of pressures facing the company’s “socio-political license to operate” in the country is likely to disappear in the near future. Resource nationalism is becoming embedded in Niger’s politics, as it is elsewhere, and the government may seek again to renegotiate terms with Areva as rival companies pour in.

As for the Tuaregs, rebel attacks potentially could inflict further, more significant disruptions to Areva’s operations, assuming the insurrection does continue. Even if it ends, the tactics adopted by discontented ethnic groups in other resource-rich countries suggest they could be tempted to take bigger swipes at the company’s global reputation. For example, while the government may have suggested Areva had become too close to the Tuareg, the Tuareg might in turn attract international NGO attention by arguing (whether this is true or not) that the company is not doing enough to prevent their repression by the Nigerien state.

How significant are these risks? Based on a methodology we have developed to rate the health of the “socio-political license to operate” of resource projects on a scale from AAA (indicating the licence is secure) to D (indicating the license is at great risk), our provisional analysis of Imouraren suggests a rating of between BB and CC – that is, from the mid to the lower end of the scale. (See endnote for more detail). Put another way, our preliminary review of the issues suggests Areva’s big new investment will face significant socio-political challenges over the long term.

Engage on all fronts

There is much Areva can do, and to an extent is already visibly doing, to mitigate some of the risks it faces. Established good practice for mining projects these days includes setting up well-targeted community programmes, applying stringent environmental protection measures, developing policies to help safeguard the human rights of employees and communities, and finding ways to boost local procurement and employment. Areva is already pushing ahead on many of these fronts.

However, the challenges to Areva’s status in Niger are not primarily reactions to the immediate impacts of its mines – many of which it appears to manage well – but stem from broader political disputes over sovereignty and control of a key source of national income. Navigating these issues is likely to be particularly difficult.

At the least, any company in this situation needs to manage its relationships carefully, finding ways to balance the often conflicting pressures it faces at the local, national and international levels. Developing, and being seen to develop, too close ties with any one stakeholder group (for example, the government) may result in backlash from the other (for example, the community). Another basic requirement is that stakeholder management be approached with the same level of strategic thinking as is typically applied to such core business activities as, say, engineering or financing a big mine (albeit with ethical and reputational, not just commercial, issues also kept in mind). Coordination across the organisation is also important: Arriva employees in contact with the Tuareg, those interacting with the national government, and those lobbying in Paris, all need to work to the same (carefully nuanced) strategy.

Perhaps most importantly, if a company in Areva’s situation is to truly secure its position in the host country, it may need to be cleverly proactive, finding ways behind the scenes to foster more of a national consensus over how mineral revenues should be spent and allocated. For until the divide between the Tuareg and the government over the use of uranium wealth begins to close, Areva will likely continue to be caught between the two sides. And clearly this needs to be done without Areva overtly meddling, or being seen, to meddle in national politics (it is some decades after all since Niger was a French colony).

Areva may yet be able to pull all this off – its deep knowledge of the country should help. In recent decades, French companies operating elsewhere in West Africa have managed local politics to their advantage, albeit not always by savoury means. Short term political fixes apart, however, the difficulties of managing this sort of challenge are immense. In Nigeria, Shell has been working for years with various parties to encourage more of consensus over the division of oil wealth and to bring real development to local communities – with little visible success. In Niger, Areva’s socio-political and diplomatic skills may be put to the test in the years ahead as never before.

Rob Foulkes is an associate and Daniel Litvin is director of Critical Resource, an advisory firm specialising in sustainability and stakeholder issues in the natural resources sector. rob.foulkes@c-resource.com, daniel.litvin@c-resource.com, http://www.c-resource.com.

Critical Resource rates the health of the “socio-political license to operate” of resource projects using its own methodology, LicenseSecure™. Ratings are based on a range of factors, including potential risks surrounding the project, the views of stakeholders, and also the way in which the company itself manages these issues.

Please note this article provides a provisional rating for Imouraren, based on publicly-available information, and hence sets out a range of potential scores. A full rating has yet to be calculated for this project.

areva supplies exelon plants with parts, etc

LASALLE PLANT, ILL

from: http://www.areva-np.com/scripts/us/publigen/content/templates/show.asp?P=1301&L=US

Press Releases

Bethesda, Md., January 13th, 2009

AREVA Introduces Advanced BWR Fuel to U.S. Nuclear Power Industry

AREVA is introducing its advanced ATRIUM™ 10XM boiling water reactor (BWR) fuel to the U.S. commercial nuclear power industry. The first U.S. lead test assemblies have been delivered and accepted by Exelon for operation beginning in early 2009 in the LaSalle Unit 2 reactor located about 75 miles southwest of Chicago. This initial group of eight assemblies is the first step toward realizing the goal of supplying ATRIUM 10XM reloads for U.S. BWRs beginning as early as 2011.

The ATRIUM 10XM fuel is the newest BWR fuel product manufactured by AREVA’s Richland, Wash. facility. The qualification, licensing and fabrication of the design for U.S. applications were realized through AREVA’s world-class testing facilities and global engineering, procurement and manufacturing resources.

Because of its increased fuel mass and superior critical power performance, the ATRIUM 10XM design delivers a significant fuel cycle cost advantage in 24-month cycles and extended power up-rate conditions while maintaining the proven reliability of the current ATRIUM 10 product line.

AREVA has demonstrated the superior performance of the ATRIUM 10XM fuel design features with the reliable, leak-free operation in more than 900 fuel assemblies in European reactors since 2002.

“Fuel performance and reduced fuel cycle cost are important to our customers in today’s highly competitive power market,” said Joe Zwetolitz, AREVA Senior Vice President for Fuel America. “Our entire ATRIUM™ fuel line has evolved from decades of research and development and operating experience to achieve the industry’s highest burn-up rates, top-ranked stability, fuel rod integrity, operating reliability and flexibility.”

AREVA’s reliable and economical fuel solutions have captured about a 40 percent market share worldwide, making AREVA the leading supplier of commercial nuclear fuel.

THREE MILE ISLAND, PA

from: http://www.areva-np.com/scripts/us/publigen/content/templates/show.asp?P=1115&L=US

Press Releases

Bethesda, Md., October 3rd, 2006

AREVA NP’s SGT Joint Venture to Provide Steam Generator Replacement Services for Exelon

AREVA NP Inc. and Washington Group International Inc. announce that their SGT LLC joint venture has signed a contract with Exelon Corporation to provide engineering and construction support for the replacement of two once-through steam generators in Unit 1 of Three Mile Island Generating Station in Londonderry Township, Pa.

The replacement steam generators will also be supplied by AREVA NP under a separate contract and are currently being fabricated at AREVA’s Chalon-Saint Marcel plant in France. Delivery is scheduled for June 2009 and installation is scheduled for fall 2009.

The replacement services scope of work includes heavy haul transportation of the old and new steam generators at the plant site, design engineering to support the plant modifications, rigging and handling inside the containment building, special process cutting and welding, and temporary plant modifications to support replacement. Each generator is 70-feet long and weighs 530 tons.

SGT has replaced generators at 17 other units and is the only replacement services supplier to have previously replaced once-through steam generators.

“SGT’s record of quality performance with large component replacement is outstanding,” said Tom Christopher, President and CEO, AREVA NP Inc. “The successful installation of these replacement steam generator projects will support Three Mile Island’s reliable operations for years to come.”

from: http://www.areva-np.com/scripts/us/publigen/content/templates/show.asp?P=1310&L=US

TMI Steam Generator Shipment

Sample steam generator transport.
AREVA NP Inc. will be delivering two 510-ton steam generators to TMI late summer/early fall. AREVA’s project management team has researched many possible scenarios to find the most efficient and least disruptive route. It is a 70 mile course over land passing through multiple municipalities. The anticipated length of the journey is 20 days.

Steam generators are like giant double boilers. Pressurized hot water from the reactor enters the steam generator and passes through thousands of small tubes, similar to hot water passing through a car radiator. The heat from inside the tubes is transferred to a second supply of water outside the tubes, which flashes into steam (the boiling point of water is 212 degrees). The steam is then sent through large pipes to spin the turbines and generator. The two supplies of water – inside and outside of the steam generator tubes – never mix.
The new steam generators being transported to TMI are replacement components. They contain no radioactive materials.
AREVA NP Inc. has researched multiple transportation options.
AREVA has worked with local regulators to select the most feasible solution with the least impact on the communities. AREVA is working with these same regulators and local communities to protect infrastructure and the environment.
AREVA’s route engineering looks at structures, pavement, slope/incline, obstructions, overheads, traffic patterns, residents/businesses impacted and optimizes the route based on these factors.
AREVA is working with local, state and federal agencies on permitting requirements.
AREVA is working with a proven, experienced transportation company.
The over-the-road configuration or transportation units are called self-propelled modular transporters.
The transport is not planning to move on weekends.
The top speed the transport will move is 3 miles per hour. It will be led by a police escort.
AREVA is working with local environmental organizations to limit and restore environmental impact.
For questions about installation, please contact Exelon Corporation’s media relations department.

Press Information

Get the latest media information for the TMI Shipment. Visit our press page to download photos and factsheets for your convenience or read online to find out how the AREVA is working with local communities to ensure the least amount of infrastructure and environmental impact.

For media inquiries contact: Denise Woernle of AREVA NP Inc. at 434.832.3848 or Denise.Woernle@areva.com

TMI/Exelon Corporation
For more information regarding the steam generator installation, go to: http://www.threemileislandinfo.com/.

QUAD CITIES UNIT 1

from: http://www.areva-np.com/scripts/us/publigen/content/templates/show.asp?P=1330&L=US

Siemens Robicon Perfect Harmony VFD Installation

Quad Cities Unit 1
Cordova, Illinois (about 155 miles west of Chicago)
May 2009

Project Description

Installation and Commissioning of two Siemens Robicon Perfect Harmony Variable Frequency Drive Systems is complete for reactor recirculation pump speed control at Exelon’s Quad Cities Unit 1.

Scope of Work

AREVA’s I&C and Electrical Systems team was responsible for the equipment, engineering and overall project management for the installation at Quad Cities Unit 1. A Variable Frequency Drive (VFD) is a system for controlling the rotational speed of an AC electric motor by controlling the frequency of the electrical power supplied to the motor. These drives addressed issues with the obsolescence of the motor-generator sets previously used for speed control. Although relatively new to the nuclear industry, Siemens Robicon Perfect Harmony VFDs are field-proven in more than 4,000 installations around the world.

The upgraded drives will allow more precise reactor recirculation flow control, a reduction in house load due to increased electrical efficiencies, and a reduction in required maintenance. This is also anticipated to result in significant savings for the plant in reduced house load, increasing its profitability.

Leadership View

“By bringing the Siemens Robicon Perfect Harmony Variable Frequency Drive technology to the nuclear industry, AREVA is providing our customers with a solution to improve plant performance while reducing house load. This is just one example of how we are working with our customers to improve plant reliability and profitability.”

Carl Fisher
Vice President, I&C and Electrical Systems
AREVA NP Inc.

July 31, 2008 – Three Mile Island Holds Charity Golf Tournament for Londonderry Twp. Volunteer Fire Company Media Invited to Cover Event

from: http://www.exeloncorp.com/aboutus/news/pressrelease/powergen/Three+Mile+Island+Holds+Charity+Golf+Tournament+for++Londonderry+Twp.+Volunteer+Fire+Company.htm

LONDONDERRY TOWNSHIP, PA (July 31, 2008) – Three Mile Island Generating Station will hold a charity golf tournament on Friday, August 1 to raise funds toward the expansion of the Londonderry Twp. Volunteer Fire and Training Facility. A full field of 144 golfers will tee-off at 12:30 p.m. at Sunset Golf Course in Londonderry Twp. A total of 92 sponsors have contributed to the event.

Representatives of the news media are invited to cover the golf tournament. A check presentation ceremony will be held at 12:15 p.m. on the first tee of Sunset Golf Course. Lunch will be served beforehand.

Representatives of Three Mile Island, the township and the fire company worked together on the planning and fundraising for the event. This year’s event is expected to raise more than $75,000 for the fire company, bringing the three-year total raised by Three Mile Island to more than $180,000.

“This is a very generous contribution and once again demonstrates Three Mile Island’s ongoing commitment to the township,” said Daryl Lehew, Londonderry Township Supervisor. “We value our partnership with Three Mile Island and consider the plant and it’s employees to be an integral part of our community.”

“I would like to thank our vendors and other businesses in the community that have supported this very worthwhile event,” said William Noll, Three Mile Island Site Vice President. “To be able to work together with the township and raise money for such a worthwhile initiative is very gratifying.”

“This gift is helping us turn our vision of creating a top-notch fire response and training facility into a reality,” said Melvin Hershey, President, Londonderry Twp. Volunteer Fire Company. “We really can’t put into words what this means to the citizens of the township.”

In addition to TMI, other major sponsors of the golf tournament include AREVA NP Inc., Consolidated Power, URS Washington Division, WESCO Distribution, Jingole & Sons Construction, Mammoet USA, Steam Generator Team, Newman Londonderry Associates and George C. Desmond Building Company.

The Londonderry Twp. Volunteer Fire Company expansion project involves adding truck bays, training rooms, equipment storage rooms and overnight accommodations to the existing fire station. The estimated cost of the expansion is about $1 million. Anyone interested in providing support to the fire company should contact Londonderry Twp. at 717-944-1803

from: http://www.exeloncorp.com/aboutus/news/pressrelease/powergen/pr+2006+08+29.htm

August 29, 2006 – Exelon Nuclear Employees Generate $65,000 For Charity

POTTSTOWN, Pa. (Aug. 29, 2006) – The Limerick Generating Station Employee Association raised $65,000 at its third annual Limerick Generating Station Charity Golf Outing held Friday, Aug. 25 at Hickory Valley Golf Club in Gilbertsville, Pa. The money generated will be donated to 12 local charities.

“It is amazing to me how incredibly giving our employees and suppliers are that they would raise $65,000 for local charities,” said Ron DeGregorio, Limerick Vice President. “This event has grown into a wonderful day that benefits our community—the community that our 700 employees at Limerick live and work within.”

The proceeds will benefit:
1. Bridge of Hope BuxMont
2. Camp Rainbow
3. Carousel at Pottstown
4. Limerick Community Day
5. Pottstown-area Lacrosse Association for Youth (P.L.A.Y.) Viper Lacrosse
6. Pottstown Police Athletic League
7. Pottstown YWCA
8. Project Outreach
9. The Family YMCAs of Pottstown & Upper Perkiomen Valley
10. The Gallery School of Pottstown
11. Village Productions and the Tri-County Performing Arts Center Project
12. Western Center for Technical Studies’ Houses of Heroes

Jo Ann Short, President/CEO of the Family YMCAs of Pottstown & Upper Perkiomen Valley, said, “I was overwhelmed with the generosity of the folks bidding at the auction following the 18 holes of golf. They gave so generously as sponsors of the whole event and then gave even more individually during the course of the day. When I saw Ron DeGregorio’s reaction to the contributions, I knew it wasn’t just me that noticed the compassion for the charities that benefited.”

Short continued, “The gift from Limerick will assist with the startup costs of the YMCA’s before and after school care at the four elementary schools in the Daniel Boone School District starting this school year, as well as replacement carpeting in the women’s locker room at the Pottstown YMCA Branch. These expenses are hard to cover as they are, what we like to call, ‘one hit wonders’.”

Last year, the Employee Association gave $40,000 to the Pottstown Police Athletic League and the Family YMCAs of Pottstown and Upper Perkiomen Valley from the second annual golf outing. In three years, the group has raised $125,000 for local charities.

The sponsors of the event include: At the Platinum level: Advanced Specialty Contractors, Areva/Transnuclear, Babcock Service, Inc, Consolidated Power Supply, GE Energy, Jingoli Construction Company, Nuclear Logistics, Inc., RWE Nukem, Sargent & Lundy, Underwater Construction Corporation, Washington Group International, Williams Power and Williams Specialty, and Wyle Laboratories. At the Gold level: The Venture Group. At the Silver level: Matrix Service Company, WSI, and Target Rock Commercial Valve Business. At the Bronze level: Bartlett Nuclear.

The Limerick Generating Station Employee Association gives year round. The group sells tshirts commemorating the station’s refueling outages each spring. This year’s t-shirt proceeds totaling $14,000 went to six local charities.
###

Exelon Corporation is one of the nation’s largest electric utilities with approximately 5.2 million customers and more than $15 billion in annual revenues. The company has one of the industry’s largest portfolios of electricity generation capacity, with a nationwide reach and strong positions in the Midwest and Mid-Atlantic. Exelon distributes electricity to approximately 5.2 million customers in northern Illinois and Pennsylvania and natural gas to more than 470,000 customers in southeastern Pennsylvania. Exelon is headquartered in Chicago and trades on the NYSE under the ticker EXC.

http://www.wise-uranium.org/upna.html
Areva and Namibia sign partnership on joint uranium exploration company

AREVA CEO Anne Lauvergeon and Erkki Nghimtina, Namibian Minister of Mines and Energy, today signed an industrial partnership in the presence of Namibian President Hifikepunye Pohamba. This provides for the creation by the Namibian government and AREVA of a joint mining exploration company for the country’s future uranium operations. (Areva May 5, 2009)

NamPower urges freeze on new mines over regional energy crunch

Namibia’s state electricity utility NamPower advised putting major investment projects on ice because of the energy crisis that continues to cast a shadow over the region. In a blow for the desert country’s burgeoning uranium mining industry Nampower’s chief operating officer Bertholdt Mbuere Ua Mbuere said all new mines would have to wait until at least 2009 to get power. Excluded from that proviso was Uramin, a subsidiary of French nuclear giant Areva, that aims to begin large-scale uranium production near Swakopmund by end 2008. (DPA Jan. 22, 2008)

Areva to build 35-km road to Trekkopje uranium mine

Areva Resources Namibia intends to build a 35-km road from Arandis to its Trekkopje Uranium Mine. A public meeting will be held at Arandis on June 17 as part of the first phase of an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). (Namibian June 2, 2009)
First uranium recovered from heap leaching “minipilot” plant at Trekkopje

At the end of March 2009, the first production of sodium diuranate (SDU) was achieved at Areva’s Trekkopje uranium mine’s minipilot plant, proving the heap-leaching treatment process a success. The minipilot plant will continue heap leaching to improve the overall recovery process within the next six months. Although the current SDU production is very small, the pilot plant production will ramp up and a larger pilot is expected to enter into production by the end of the year.
The Trekkopje uranium-mining project has completed the first major phase in its development, producing an 80 000-t bulk sample, and is currently busy with the second stage to produce a larger sample of three-million tons. The third phase will be full production, which is expected to begin in 2010, with a lifespan of about 11 years. (Mining Weekly May 8, 2009)
License granted for Trekkopje uranium mine

Under the mining agreement issued on 16 February 2009 between the Ministry of Mines and Energy and AREVA Resources Namibia (ARN), the group actually has been granted their Mining License for the Trekkopje deposit, while this had been officially announced in June 2008, already. The Mining License No. 151 is valid for 25 years with an option of renewal thereafter. Full production is due to begin in 2011 with an anticipated life of mine of 11 years. Water for the mining operations will be supplied by the Desalination Plant near Wlotzkasbaken via a 48,3 km pipeline to the site. (Uramin Feb. 19, 2009 / Allgemeine Zeitung Feb. 23, 2009)
Trekkopje uranium mine to open in July 2008

UraMin will open its uranium mine at Trekkopje in July 2008, Managing Director Bert Leathley said this week. The firm expects to export its first yellow cake at the end of 2009 through Walvis Bay, Leathley told the Economist. He said US$920 million will be spent on capital expenses to bring the mine into production. The company expects to produce 8.5 million pounds of uranium oxide [3269 t U] per year, making it Namibia’s biggest uranium mine. Leathley however said that the export markets for the uranium oxide were yet to be confirmed.
The firm was currently in discussions with NamPower over power supply, he said. NamPower is faced with a deficit in supply and recent press reports have indicated that power supply to new mines may only be available in 2009. Leathley also said the desalination plant, which is being jointly built with NamWater, will be completed in the second quarter of 2009. (The Namibia Economist Feb. 15, 2008)
Lichen fields at risk from pipeline required for Trekkopje uranium mine project

The pipeline that will connect the proposed Trekkopje uranium mine to the desalination plant planned at Wlotzkasbaken will traverse unique lichen fields only found in this area. Prof. Dr. Norbert Juergens, head of the BIOTA-Africa Project , raised concern about the future of the worldwide unique lichen fields. Juergens demanded that the new environmental law rather must assure the sustainability of the lichen fields. (Allgemeine Zeitung Dec. 20, 2007)
UraMin to sell 35% of uranium output to China

State-owned Chinese firm, Guangdong Nuclear Power Corporation, has struck a contract with French nuclear giant, Areva, to buy 35 percent of uranium mined at Areva’s Namibian based uranium mine in Trekkopje. Namibia’s central bank said that take-off of the uranium purchase agreement forms the core of Areva’s plans to pump US$750 million into developing one of the world’s largest uranium mine, the Trekkopje uranium project in Namibia. (APA Oct. 1, 2008)
China’s global quest to secure uranium supplies received a boost when Areva , the French nuclear company, agreed to supply African uranium for at least the next 14 years. Areva will also build, operate and supply two nuclear reactors in the southern province of Guangdong.
The $12 billion deal with state-owned China Guangdong Nuclear Power Corp (CGNPC) included at least 23,000 tonnes of uranium on top of an annual supply of about 600 tonnes to the two reactors. Under the deal CGNPC agreed to buy 35 per cent of the uranium production of UraMin, a Canadian mining company with uranium deposits in South Africa, Namibia and Central African Republic, which Areva bought in September 2007 for $2.5 billion. (Financial Times Nov. 26, 2007)

Areva signs contract on construction of desalination plant for Trekkopje mine project – even before environmental assessment and feasibility studies concluded

On Nov. 23, 2007, Namibia’s water utility Namwater and UraMin signed an agreement to build a 250 million Namibian dollar (nearly US$40 million) sea water intake and brine disposal pipeline to support a 715 million Namibian dollar (US$110 million) sea water desalination facility. It will be located in the coastal town of Swakopmund.
“The facility will supply water to UraMin’s proposed Trekkopje mine as well as to Namwater’s clients in the coastal areas of Namibia,” Vaino Shivute, chief executive officer of the water utility, told reporters. Shivute said they expect to produce 45 million cubic meter of water a year, with 25 million cubic meters earmarked for Namwater clients and the rest going to UraMin, whose uranium mine is expected to come on line in early 2008. (AP Nov. 23, 2007)
Areva has no scruples about taking advantage of Namibia’s very special regulatory regime: Draft Environmental and Social Impact Assessment Report for Trekkopje Uranium Project available for comment – for just two weeks

The mine is to work the Klein Trekkopje deposit which is approximately 15 km long by between 1 and 3 km wide and is located in the Namib desert 35 km north of the Rössing mine. The deposit is located at very shallow depth; it extends to a maximum depth of 30 m and is covered with a layer of topsoil and overburden that is just 1 m to 2 m thick.
The proven and probable reserves are 49,952 t eU3O8 [42,359 t eU] at a grade of 126 ppm eU3O8 [107 ppm eU] – that is less than half of the grade at the Rössing mine.
Ore is to be mined from the open pit at a rate of 100,000 tonnes per day. The ore is crushed and then stacked on a heap leach pad with a capacity of 30 million t of ore and covering an area of 2.2 square kilometers, where it is leached with a sodium carbonate/bicarbonate solution. After leaching, the spent ore is placed on waste dumps and/or back in the pits, and fresh ore is placed on the heap leach pad.
The mining and processing cost is estimated at US$ 55.00 per lb eU3O8 produced.
The mine will require 20 million cubic meters of water per year which is to be supplied by a desalination plant to be built at the coast at Wlotzkasbaken.
The closing date for comments is 30 November 2007.

> Download:

Report of the Environmental and Social Impact Assessment, Trekkopje Uranium Project, Erongo Region, Namibia, Draft for Public Review, November 2007: Uramin Inc. or Turgis Consulting (Pty) Ltd
Report of the Environmental and Social Impact Assessment, Trekkopje Desalination Project, Erongo Region, Namibia, Draft for Public Review, November 2007: Turgis Consulting (Pty) Ltd
Concerns raised over proposed desalination plant for Trekkopje uranium mine project

In a convention held in Swakopmund by Turgis Consulting (Pty) Ltd on Aug. 24, 2007, citizens raised their concerns over the proposed desalination plant for the Trekkopje uranium mine project. The concerns included the availability of power for the plant, the plant location near the protected lichen fields, the cumulative impact of any further desalination plants necessary for up to eight further uranium mines proposed in the area. (Allgemeine Zeitung Aug. 8, 2007)
Earlier, the Ministry of Fisheries & Marine Resources had called for an analysis of the impact of the plant’s brine releases on the aquaculture planned in the area. Environmentalists feared the pipeline would present a barrier to game migration in the area; they demanded that at least parts of it be buried in the ground. (Allgemeine Zeitung Aug. 23, 2007)
Uramin invites tenders for construction of desalination plant for proposed Trekkopje mine

Uramin Inc. is inviting tenders for construction of a desalination plant to be built near Wlotzkasbaken. The plant is required for Uramin’s proposed Trekkopje uranium mine (for which no mining license has been issued yet). (Allgemeine Zeitung June 27, 2007)
Uramin plans to use in-pit heap-leaching for mining of Trekkopje deposit

In its Preliminary Assessment of April 26, 2007, Uramin discloses the proposed mining and ore processing scheme for the Trekkopje mine: Uramin wants to mine the ore in open pits, crush it, and then place it back in the pit for acidic and/or basic heap leaching.
> Download Preliminary Assessment of April 26, 2007 (2.6M PDF) (SEDAR)

Desalination plant for Trekkopje uranium mine project required

Namwater cannot supply sufficient amounts of water for the Trekkopje uranium mine project. Therefore, Uramin plans to build a 15 million cubic meter per year desalination plant near Wlotzkasbaken at the coast. (Allgemeine Zeitung April 5, 2007)
Trekkopje project update

Trekkopje, estimated to cost $500 million to build, is due to advance to trial mining in 2007 and to launch commercial production in late 2008. Work began in March 2007 on a 60000-ton heap leach pilot project.
Production is expected to start at 4.2-million pounds (1615 t U) in 2009 and rise to full production of 8.4-million pounds (3231 t U) a year by 2011. (Business Day March 30, 2007)
Uramin starts environmental impact study of Trekkopje uranium mine project

On Dec. 12, 2006, Uramin said it had started a mandatory environmental impact study of the Trekkopje uranium mine project. Uramin planned to dig the Trekkopje mine by 2011, ahead of projects in South Africa and the Central African Republic, it said. Trekkopje would produce uranium for 15 years and employ 120 workers. (Business Report Dec. 13, 2006)
Exploration licences granted for the Trekkopje Uranium Project

On 23 November 2006, UraMin Inc announced that the Ministry of Mines and Energy in Namibia has formally granted two exploration licences for the Trekkopje Uranium Project.
Bankable Feasibility Study on Trekkopje uranium project started

On June 13, 2006, UraMin announced that SRK Consulting (US) Inc. (“SRK”) has begun a Bankable Feasibility Study (“BFS”) on the Trekkopje uranium project in Namibia. SRK envisage completion of the BFS in the second half of 2007 at an estimated cost of US$7 million.
UraMin raises money for Trekkopje uranium mine project

UraMin Namibia (Pty) says it has raised US$60 million and in the process, has increased its cash holding to around US$75 million. UraMin Namibia intends to use the money to develop the Trekkopje project. The company has started extensive drilling to verify the previous exploration results, which have been carried out by different companies since 1990. Neil Herbert, UraMin Namibia’s financial director, said the feasibility programme would be completed late this year or early next year. Herbert said once the previous geological results have been satisfactorily verified, work will start to commission the new mine by 2008. The company has made a preliminary estimate that the project will require US$180 million. (Namibia Economist May 12, 2006)
Trekkopje uranium mine project delayed

Further public meetings have been suspended until problems with the supply of electricity and water for the proposed mine have been resolved. (Allgemeine Zeitung May 9, 2006)
Earthlife calls for more transparency in licensing process

Environmental group, Earthlife Namibia, is calling for greater public consultation between government and the citizenry before the ministry of mines and energy approves the establishment of the Trekkopje uranium mine.
Eathlife Namibia Director Berchin Kohrs told Nampa in an interview that her organization is worried about the low level of transparency and an uncomfortable air of secrecy that has recently surrounded the establishment of uranium mines in Namibia.
‘We want this new mine to be transparent and to have no secrecy about their plans and operations. We do not want to see our government approving the mining licence with the same horrible speed that it did with the Langer-Heinrich mine. They must give the public a fair chance to respond to the findings of the environmental impact assessment (EIA),’ said Kohrs. She said the construction of a uranium mine anywhere in Namibia should be treated gingerly and any such mine must be seen as a national issue with consultative meetings held at all the major towns in the country. Earthlife is also demanding that the whole uranium mining process, from construction to production and export, should be monitored by an independent expert.
‘These processes should be made as transparent as possible. All the processes involved should be explained because we want to know more about the radiation exposure to workers and residents, the mining activities’ impact on the quantity and quality of the water at the town (Arandis) as well as the mine’s impact on the environment,’ she stated. (NAMPA March 13, 2006)
Uramin presents Preliminary Environmental Assessment

On March 6, 2006, Uramin Inc. presented the Preliminary Environmental Assessment for the Trekkopje Uranium Project at a public meeting in the mining town of Arandis. The assessment was prepared by Turgis Consulting (Pty) Ltd . The proposal foresees the mining of 40,000t ore and 10,000 t overburden per day for at least 15 years. The water supply of the proposed mine presents a major challenge. A further meeting will be held in April 2006. (Allgemeine Zeitung Mar. 6, 2006)
The meeting was attended by approx. 200 people. Proponents welcomed the project in view of the forthcoming end of the life of the nearby Rössing uranium mine. Concerns were raised regarding environmental impacts and health effects for miners and residents, but they could not be answered yet. Project Manager Daniel Limpitlaw said “We’re not even at the stage of doing a pre-feasibility study yet and the extent and impact of the development can’t be predicted right now.” (Namibian March 8, 2006)

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